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Peptic ulcers are malignant defects in the stomach or duodenal mucosa. They arise when a balance is struck between aggressive and protective factors that affect the maintenance of the proper structure and function of the stomach and duodenal mucosa.
There are several aggressive factors that can interact with peptic ulceration:
hydrochloric acid alone,
pepsin enzymes, bile acids that normally form a stomach,
liver and pancreas is, in certain circumstances, a significant aggressive factor.
Sudden or long-term stress has its role in the development of ulcers
For example, the role of genetics is highlighted by the fact that relatively more peptic ulcers have blood group 0 carriers. An important role in the development of the ulcer is Helicobacter pylori infection, which was discovered in 1982. Very common cause of peptic ulcer is the use of some drugs, especially painkillers and inflammation, e.g. joints (so-called non-steroidal anti-rheumatic, antiphlogistic, aspirin and others). The term protective factors understand the normal anatomy and proper function of the stomach and duodenum, as well as other organs of the digestive tract.
What are the symptoms of peptic ulcers?
Peptic ulcer is manifested by pain in the upper limb. The wart of the duodenum is manifested by pain that occurs longer after the meal, in some cases this pain can alleviate food intake. The stomach ulcer is manifested by the onset of pain immediately after the meal. The feeling of nausea is more common in the stomach of the stomach, a burning sensation sooner at the age of the twin.
From what depends on when the peptic ulcer heals itself and when not?
A peptic ulcer can heal itself in a way that causes aggressive factors to disappear. For example, the use of drugs that can cause ulcers and the organism has sufficient natural ability to heal stomach and duodenal ulceration.
When does the cloud break?
To so-called. a crackdown occurs when the action of aggressive factors, such as the use of dangerous drugs, continues and exceeds the body’s ability to repair, to protect this damage. For example, long-term use of joint painkillers may be reported despite recurrent pain in the upper buttock that is not treated with ulcer healing drugs.
How are peptic ulcers diagnosed and treated?
Ulcers are diagnosed based on the evaluation of the clinical picture of the patient, mainly pain in the upper limb, burning soon in other cases, up to vomiting. The physician also takes into account the risk factors, especially the use of these drugs. At present, a sophisticated method for the diagnosis of peptic ulcers is endoscopic examination of the stomach and duodenal esophagus known among the public as gastroscopy.
It allows not only a visual evaluation of the stomach lining of the stomach and the presence of the stomach , but also the collection of mucous membranes for histological examination, for example, for evidence of Helicobacter pylori infection or the elimination of cancer. Treatment of ulcers is to remove risk factors as far as they are known and to use drugs that block the production of hydrochloric acid by stomach cells.
In practice, this means that a doctor – a gastroenterologist to a patient who has been diagnosed with a peptic ulcer, recommends that you stop taking medications that can cause ulcers and take their patients and give him a combination of antibiotics and the presence of Helicobacter pylori infection. The patient is further using the above-mentioned drugs to suppress hydrochloric acid production, most often from the so- proton pump inhibitors.
What role does gastric life play in the gastric juices?
Diet is the treatment of peptic ulcer considerable importance . In prevention itself, an important lifestyle is the minimization of stressful situations, a healthy diet with a balanced ratio of proteins, fats and sugars, avoiding the overuse of painkillers. There are many views on the protective effect of various diet components, bee products, capsaicin in pepper, products from various kinds of milk, vegetable products, and the like.